Historic America

Monterey Pass Battlefield in Franklin County, Pennsylvania

Visit the scene of the Union army’s most crippling blow against Robert E. Lee’s defeated Confederates following the Battle of Gettysburg.

The Battle of Monterey Pass was fought from July 4 to 5, 1863 between Union cavalry commanded by Brig. Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick and Confederate cavalry commanded by Brig. Gens. Beverly H. Robertson and William E. “Grumble” Jones in Franklin County, Pennsylvania during the American Civil War. The battle, which immediately followed the Army of Northern Virginia’s retreat from Gettysburg, was a Union victory and resulted in approximately 1,394 total casualties, mostly captured Confederates.

After three bloody days of fighting around Gettysburg, both sides spent a rainy Independence Day licking their wounds. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent wagons filled with supplies and thousands of wounded soldiers southwest in preparation for retreat. That morning, wagons from Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps joined the miles-long supply train being funneled through Monterey Pass in South Mountain.

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